Intense polarization, where political opponents regard each other as existential enemies, is a key driver of democratic decay.
Sustaining multiethnicity is one of the most significant challenges facing democracies today.
Unequal economic resources diminish the quality of democracy, through voting, institutional design, campaign spending, & media.
Many populist outsiders come to power speaking on behalf of “the people” but in ways that can challenge basic democratic norms.
Existing historical democratic institutions—constitutions, electoral systems, etc—may be ill-suited for contemporary challenges.